Anseriformes
Apodiformes
Bucerotiformes
Caprimulgiformes
Charadriiformes
Ciconiiformes
Columbiformes
Coraciiformes
Cuculiformes
Falconiformes
Galliformes
Gaviiformes
Gruiformes
Passeriformes
Pelecaniformes
Phoenicopteriformes
Piciformes
Podicipediformes
Procellariiformes
Psittaciformes
Pteroclidiformes
Strigiformes
Trogoniformes
Turniciformes
Upupiformes

Galliformes are mainly terrestrial game birds with stocky body, small head, short rounded wings, stiff, slightly bowed primaries, short, stout, downcurved bills, and strong legs. The hind toe is always present. They fly low over short distances, but run well. Usually nest on the ground. Young are downy, nidifugous, and precocial. A species of this order, the Red Junglefowl, Gallus gallus, is widely known as ancestor of the common chicken. All domestic forms of chickens or bantams stem from this wild species which occurs naturally in India. Another species, Common Quail Coturnix coturnix, is the only true migratory bird in this order. Many species like pheasants, partridges, francolins, quails etc have been hunted for food and game, thus resulting in great reduction in numbers. Five families and a world total of about 210 species. India has over 45 species (2 families) and the Indian Peafowl, also called Blue Peafowl is the national bird.
 

Family: Megapodiidae

Nicobar Scrubfowl Megapodius nicobariensis - local resident
 

Family: Phasianidae

Chukar Partridge Alectoris chukar - widespread uncommon resident
White-cheeked Partridge Arborophila atrogularis - local resident
Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii - local resident
Rufous-throated Partridge Arborophila rufogularis - local resident
Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola - local resident
Mountain Bamboo-Partridge Bambusicola fytchii - local resident
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii - local resident
Blue-breasted Quail Coturnix chinensis - widespread resident
Rain Quail Coturnix coromandelica - widespread resident
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix - widespread resident & winter visitor
Japanese Quail Coturnix japonica - sparse winter visitor
Tibetan Eared-Pheasant Crossoptilon harmani - local resident?
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus - widespread resident
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis - local resident
Painted Francolin Francolinus pictus - widespread resident
Chinese Francolin Francolinus pintadeanus - local resident
Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus - widespread resident
Painted Spurfowl Galloperdix lunulata - widespread resident
Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadicea - widespread resident
Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus - widespread resident
Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii - widespread resident
Blood Pheasant Ithaginis cruentus - local resident
Snow Partridge Lerwa lerwa - local resident
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus - local resident
Sclater's Monal Lophophorus sclateri - local resident
Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos - local resident
Himalayan Quail Ophrysia superciliosa - local resident now extinct
Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus - widespread resident
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus - local resident
Rock Bush-Quail Perdicula argoondah - widespread uncommon resident
Jungle Bush-Quail Perdicula asiatica - widespread uncommon resident
Painted Bush-Quail Perdicula erythrorhyncha - widespread uncommon resident
Manipur Bush-Quail Perdicula manipurensis - local resident
Tibetan Partridge Perdix hodgsoniae - local resident
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus - introduced resident
Grey Peacock-Pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum - local resident
Koklass Pheasant Pucrasia macrolopha - local resident
Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae - local resident
Himalayan Snowcock Tetraogallus himalayensis - local resident
Tibetan Snowcock Tetraogallus tibetanus - local resident
Buff-throated Partridge Tetraophasis szechenyii - local resident
Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii - local resident
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus - local resident
Satyr Tragopan Tragopan satyra - local resident
Temminck's Tragopan Tragopan temminckii - local resident


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