Anseriformes
Apodiformes
Bucerotiformes
Caprimulgiformes
Charadriiformes
Ciconiiformes
Columbiformes
Coraciiformes
Cuculiformes
Falconiformes
Galliformes
Gaviiformes
Gruiformes
Passeriformes
Pelecaniformes
Phoenicopteriformes
Piciformes
Podicipediformes
Procellariiformes
Psittaciformes
Pteroclidiformes
Strigiformes
Trogoniformes
Turniciformes
Upupiformes

Buttonquails or hemipodes are a small family of birds (15 species) which closely resemble true quails, but are unrelated to them. Buttonquail, traditionally placed in Gruiformes, are distant relatives of rails and crakes. The Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy now puts them in a separate order known as TURNICIFORMES. These small, drab, running birds inhabit warm grassland and avoid flying. They only have 3 toes and are lacking a hind toe (hence the name hemipode which means "half a foot." The females are larger, brighter, more colorful of the two sexes, and initiate courtship. Males incubate the eggs and care for the young. Hemipodes lay lots of eggs like true quails, which hatch in a short time, one of the shortest incubation periods for birds.

India has three of the 15 species of Turniciformes, all belonging to the genus Turnix.


Family: Turnicidae

Barred Buttonquail  (Turnix suscitator)  - widespread resident
Small Buttonquail  (Turnix sylvatica)  - widespread resident
Yellow-legged Buttonquail  (Turnix tanki)  - widespread resident


Birds Bird Diagram Ornithology Indian Sites Bird Watching Migration North India Birds of India Haryana

All rights reserved.  Copyright 2005-2013  Birds and birding in India.   Disclaimer

website: Free Java Guide & Tutorials