Madhav National Park is situated in Shivpuri district of northwest Madhya Pradesh, India. Shivpuri town is located at 25°40' North, 77°44' East on Agra-Bombay National Highway NH3. The Park has total area of 354 km˛ and was set up in the year 1959. It is open throughout the year. Earlier its dense forests were the hunting grounds of the Mughals and Scindia rulers, and also used for capturing herds of elephants for their stables. Madhav National Park has a varied terrain of forested hills and flat grasslands around the lake.
Avifauna: Madhav National Park has a rich variety of birds. The artificial lake Chandpatha is the winter home of scarce migratory ducks like Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Ferruginous Pochard (Aythya nyroca), Red-crested Pochard (Rhodonessa rufina) and Greater Scaup (Aythya marila). A good birding site is where the forest track crosses the rocky stream that flows from the waste weir. Species that frequent this spot are White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis), Stork-billed Kingfisher (Halcyon capensis), Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis), Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) and Ruddy Kingfisher (Halcyon coromanda).
The park's other important bird species are Painted Francolin (Francolinus pictus), Painted Spurfowl (Galloperdix lunulata), Red Spurfowl (Galloperdix spadicea), Sarus Crane (Grus antigone), Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscitator), Asian Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi), Sirkeer Malkoha (Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii), Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus), Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros), Red Avadavat (Amandava amandava), Green Avadavat (Amandava formosa) and Crested Bunting (Melophus lathami).
Flora: With a varied terrain of wooded hills - the forest being dry, mixed and deciduous - and flat grasslands around the lake, it offers abundant opportunities of sighting a variety of wildlife. The principal tree species found in the Park are Khair (Acacia catechu), Salai, Kerdhai, Dhawda, Tendu, Palash etc
Wildlife: The predominant animal species that inhabits the Park is the deer, of which the most easily sighted are the graceful little Cinkara or Indian gazelle, and the Chital. Other species that have their habitat in the park are Nilgai, Sambar, Chausingha or Four-horned Antelope, Blackbuck, Sloth Bear, Leopard and the Langur.
Sakhya Sagar Lake and Sailing Club: Sakhya Sagar and Madhav Sagar lakes, created on Manier River in 1918, are two important biodiversity support systems in the Park
besides several perennial and seasonal streams and nallahs. Sakhya Sagar Lake is situated on the edge of forests of Madhav National Park. On the shores of the lake is boat
club also known as Sailing Club. The Sakhya Sagar Lake is the habitat of variety of reptiles. Species that can be seen here are marsh crocodile or mugger, Indian Python and
the Monitor Lizard.